Early Childhood Development is very important to be studied by every parent so that later their children’s growth can be maximized both physically and psychologically. The following is a children’s education article on Early Childhood Development compiled by Ernawulan Syaodih
The boundaries of childhood are quite varied, the term early childhood is children who range from 0-8 years of age. However, when viewed from the level of education that applies in Indonesia, those included in the early childhood group are elementary school-age children in lower grades (grades 1-3), Kindergarten, Playgroups, and previous children (infancy). Some education experts argue that early childhood is a period of very rapid and fundamental development for later life. Children have their own world and characteristics that are far different from the world and characteristics of adults.
Child Growth and Development
Growth can be interpreted as a change that is quantitative or implies a change in body size and structure so that it involves more physical changes. In addition, growth is also seen as a physiological change as a result of the process of maturation of physical functions. The result of this growth is an increase in the length of the bones, especially the arms and legs, an increase in height and weight, and a more complete arrangement of bones and nervous tissue. This growth will stop after maturation or maturity in the individual.
In contrast to growth, development is a qualitative change, namely the functioning of the organs of the body. Development can also be said as a sequence of changes that influence each other between physical and psychological aspects and form a harmonious whole. For example, children are introduced to how to hold a pencil, make letters, and are given training by their parents. The ability to learn to write will be easily and quickly mastered by children if the training process is given when the muscles have grown perfectly
Early Childhood Development Thus the child will be able to hold a pencil and read letter shapes. Through learning, children will develop and will be able to learn new things. The development will be achieved because of the learning process so that children gain new experiences and give rise to new behaviors.
Learn the physical skills required in the game. Children at this time love to play, for that they need physical skills such as catching, throwing, kicking a ball, swimming or riding a bicycle. At this time children are required to know and are able to maintain their interests and welfare. Can maintain personal health and safety, love yourself, enjoy sports and recreation to maintain his health.
Learn to make friends with peers. At this time children are required to be able to get along, work together and build good relationships with peers, help each other and form a social personality. Development of concepts needed in everyday life. In order to be able to adapt and behave in accordance with the demands of their environment, children are required to have the concepts needed in everyday life
Development of morals, values, and conscience. At this time, children are required to be able to appreciate actions that are in accordance with morals and can exercise control over their behavior in accordance with morals. Have personal independence. Gradually at this time children are required to have personal independence. Children are able to choose, plan, and do work or activities without depending on their parents or other adults.