How To Help Your Child Develop Their Language

Education For All

At the start of kindergarten, huge language differences are observed with sometimes even children who do not speak at all! Knowing how language develops can help you adopt the attitudes that are conducive to language development in your toddler. How to help your child develop his language is often a game of interpretation, guessing, simply complicity. And a daily language bath.

Why Is It Urgent To Develop The Language?

First of all, language obviously makes it possible to communicate with others. But it is also support for thought. So for a child, developing his language means developing his thinking and his intelligence. In short, the language is used to learn new information, songs, listen to explanations and communicate

Develop And Structure Their Thinking

Being able to express themselves is extremely reassuring for a child who has to separate from their parents. Talking is like having magic power or the power to say that he misses his mother and thus to be comfortable. Similarly, at school, we generally find that children who express themselves show less violence towards their peers. Before the language acquisition phase, the child goes through many non-verbal but crucial stages since they allow him to develop his desire to communicate and also his ability to interact with the people around him.

The Pre-Linguistic Phase

  • From 0 to 2 months

Your child develops an interest in the human voices of people close to him like brothers, sisters, parents, grandparents, nanny. As for his vocal productions, they are basically cries but these are diversified since as parents, we can already interpret them. Thus, we recognize at this moment the cries of hunger, pain, pleasure.

These cries are thus a first opportunity to communicate and put into words what the child is feeling: “and yes you are hungry my baby.

  • 2 to 6 months

Your baby’s vocalizations are diversifying. In addition, the child seems at this time to take great pleasure in making noises (grunts, cries, whispers, etc.). Moreover, studies on mother-child exchanges show that around 2-3 months there are already dialogues. Thus the codes of communication are already established with the establishment of the “turn to speak”. Each speaks when the other has finished. This phase would be capital according to Bruner (1983) because it is there that the child would understand the organization of the vocal exchanges. If you answer him, your baby enriches more and more these babbles which cause reactions, interactions with his entourage.

  • Between 6 and 12 months

Between 6 and 8 months: You will certainly have the pleasure of witnessing the production of the first clearly articulated syllables. Often the first ma, ma, ma. Simply play at making syllables with him, vary the intonations, guess the words that contain these syllables.

From 8-10 months: your baby’s vocal productions evolve according to the stimulations of his surrounding environment. At this time, the child tries to attract attention, points the finger in the direction of an object, can begin to pronounce daddy or mommy. Thanks to your parental intuition, you understand him, you know his needs. So simply respond to his requests, don’t hesitate to talk to him a lot, he already understands so many things.

The Linguistic Phase

  • Between 12 and 24 months

Between 12 and 16 months, appear the first small words (one or two syllables) are systematically associated with certain objects or certain situations (request, designation). Vocabulary growth occurs at each child’s pace but is relatively slow until around 16 months of age (average 30 words). By making the effort to understand what your child is asking of you, you are showing him what a power it is to speak! He will feel encouraged.

After 16 months, language development accelerates to reach an average of 250 to 300 words around the age of two. So, read stories, play with him, sing songs…everything that allows your child to be in interaction will allow him to enrich his vocabulary. The first sentences (association of two words, to designate an action) appear between 20 and 26 months. What then goes with this phase of language is the child who is stubborn, who opposes, who simply affirms himself. Reformulate his requests in the correct language, make the real sentences that he cannot yet make.

  • Between 2 and 3 years During the 3rd year

The important reference point for specialists a child at the age of three must be understood by people other than his parents! If this is not the case, it may suggest a language disorder or a hearing problem. A medical opinion is then to be sought.

  • Between 3 and 5 years

Basic adult language, correctly articulated, is generally acquired between the ages of 3 and 5, which corresponds to the age of schooling in kindergarten. Read stories, sing, share activities with him as cooking, drawing, games, walks. The language in the situation is for the child a real vector of progress. Limit the screens, prefer cartoons in which the language is correct or interactive games that develop thinking.

Beyond that, the language obviously continues to evolve. The vocabulary is enriched, the syntax is perfected (concordance of times, agreement of past participles); Your child’s language is also progressing expressively and cognitively (acquisition of metaphor).